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Towers of Silence

The four elements – fire, water, earth, and air, according to Zoroastrian belief are sacred, and ought not to be polluted by the disposal of the dead.
A tower of silence (known also as a ‘dakhma’) is a type of structure used for funerary purposes by adherents of the Zoroastrian faith. This Zoroastrian practice for the disposal of the dead involves the exposure of the corpse to the sun and vultures. This practice has been used traditionally by Zoroastrians, though it has become less common in recent times. As a result, These towers were essentially raised platforms with three concentric circles within them. The bodies of children in the inner circle, those of women in the middle circle, and those of men were arranged on the outer circle, The dead were left on the tower of silence, where their flesh would be eaten by vultures. And by adequate numbers of vultures, the flesh may be completely stripped from the bones in less than half an hour.
The exposure of dead bodies to scavenging animals is recorded by “Herodotus” the 5th-century Greek writer to have been practiced by the Persians. Therefore, it would be reasonable to date this, Zoroastrian practice to this period, and quite possibly even further back in time.
Cremation, for example, is believed to cause pollution to fire, air, and at times river water as well, whilst burial (without the adequate lining of the grave) causes pollution to the earth and groundwater.