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Naghsh-e Jahan

“Nesf-e-Jahan”, The Persians call it meaning “Half the World”.
Isfahan is an ancient city in the center of Iran located about 340 km’s south of Tehran. It is Iran’s third largest city after Tehran and Mashhad. It is located in a semi-desert region near the Zayandeh Rud River. Isfahan is considered as a popular tourist destination and a major cultural and economic center of Iran. The city enjoys a temperate climate and regular seasons. It was especially flourished the most in “Safavid era “. It has many historical, beautiful, artistic, buildings which make this city distinctive from others like: Naqsh-e Jahan square / Shah (Jamea ) Mosque / Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque / Attig or Friday (Al-Jum’a) Mosque / Ali Qapu / The Chehel Sutun (Forty Columns) Palace / Khaju Bridge (Shahi Bridge) / Manar Jonban (the swinging minaret) / Si-o-se Pol &……
square (Imam Square)
This square has an area of more than 85 thousand meters square. The length of this great square is 500 meters from north to south and its width about 150 meters from east to west. Most of the foreign tourists believe that Naqsh-e Jahan square is one of the greatest squares in the world. Islamic government called it “Imam square”.
Shah Abbas the Great, the strongest king of Safavid dynasty chose Isfahan as Capital built a square called Naqsh-e Jahan (meaning Image of the world). This square was enlarged to almost its present great bulk and the most famous historical buildings of Isfahan were constructed around it. During the reign of Shah Abbas, I and his successors, this square was an area where festivities, polo, dramatics and military parades took place. Two stone gates of the polo are embedded in the north and south of this square. One of the most amazing features of this square is that from every part of it the sky can be seen and nothing else. Naqsh-e Jahan Square has witnessed many historical memories of Iran during the past four centuries. Memories of the life of Shah Abbas the Great and his successors until the end of the Safavid era is associated with this great historical square. This square has several architectural buildings around it like Ali Qapu Palace on the east, Lotfollah mosque on the west, Shah mosque on the south and Gheisarieh Bazar on the north. There are 200 handicrafts shops around it. To see how the craftsmen work you can through bazar and watch them while they are working skillfully. This is the best time to buy worthful handicrafts.
Shah Mosque or Imam Mosque
This mosque is One of the buildings that “Shah Abbas I “during the twenty-fourth year of his reign ordered to build it.
It is situated at the south side of Naqsh-e Jahan Square (Imam Square) its construction started in 1020 A.H, and the decorations and extensions of the building were completed during the rule of next kings of “Safavid dynasty “. Ostad Ali Akbar Isfahani and Moheb Ali Beik were the chief architects and the supervisor of the building. From the viewpoint of architecture, Tile work and stone carving have made this mosque as a masterpiece of the 16th century. It has a wonderful dome which its height is about 52 ms and the minarets therein 48ms; whereas the minarets at its portal in the Naqsh-e-Jahan Square reach an elevation of 42 ms. The huge one-piece marble and other slabs of stone, besides the intricate tile work and adornments, prove extremely spectacular views of this mosque. The most the interesting features of this mosque is the echo of sound in the center of the gigantic dome in the southern section.
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque
This Mosque is constructed under the order of “Shah Abbas I “in honor of” Sheikh Lotfollah “who was one of the great pious in the Shia sect, in what is known as Lebanon today. Shah Abbas I, invited him to Isfahan. So he came to reside in Isfahan and preached Islam in this Mosque. The chief architect of this mosque was “Ostad Mohammad Reza Isfahan”. The construction of this architectural building lasted about 18 years. The great feature of this masterpiece is the architect and mason of this structure were Inside tile work decorations of the plinth to the top that are covered with mosaic tiles.
In terms of the architectural grandeur of the mosque, foreign archaeologists believe: “It can hardly be considered a product of human hands”.