Iran Tourism Attractions | Bisotun Complex
The historical site of Bisotun is one of the oldest and the most important archaeological sites between Iran tourism attractions despite numerous monuments such as the Hercules II statue, the lithograph of Mehrdad II, Farhad Tarash, Bisotun Bridge, Shah Abbasi Caravanserai and Shahi Road (Silk Road).
The lithograph of Bisotun which has been carved by Darius (The King) in the Bisotun World Series; is one of the tourism attractions in Iran as Unesco world heritage.
The plain of Bisotun and its holy mountain were great importance to the people from the ages and the kings rebelled against different lands from the close paths to this road.
There are some caves in the mountain of Bisotun which have been indicative of the presence of human beings since the Stone Age.
The lithograph of Bisotun
This stone lithograph and Darius prominent inscription was erected at a height of 100 meters from the earth on a calcareous rock and has been ordered by this powerful Achaemenid King.
The lithograph and the Bistoun prominent inscription are the most famous Iran historical monuments and the first written documents of Iran history timeline.
The inscription is a cuneiform script that describes and portrays the victory of Darius the first Achaemenid King. Rebels, after the death of Cambyses, revolted under the leadership of a man named Gemat Magnus (False Bund) but Darius succeeded in defeating and punishing his all.
Farhad Tarash literally means Carved by Farhad
In the western part of Darius Permanent Lithograph and on the slopes of Bisotun Mountain; there is a huge sculpted wall known as Farhad Tarash. Some Iranologists attribute the construction of Farhad Tarash to the era of Darius of Achaemenid in Iran history timeline.
They believe Darius intended to engrave his will here. Some also believe that this page was created to write a historical event related to the period of Khosrow Parviz the king of Sassanid.
Some also believe that Farhad was a sculptor who carved this wall. Farhad Tarash and Farhad itself has a special place among the people and in Persian literature. He is considered as Farhad Koohkan that literally means a person how digs mountain. In Nezami Ganjavi poetry; there is a narrative about Farad’s love to Shirin, Khosrow Parviz wife. He digs the mountain to show his love purity.